• Social Studies (U.S. History)

    Eighth-grade American history covers the period from the framing of the Constitution up to World War I. Some of the essential areas are the Revolution, the Constitution, the Jefferson Era, National and Regional Growth, the Jackson Era, Manifest Destiny, the Growth of the West, the Civil War, and Reconstruction.

    Textbook​: McGraw-Hill: Impact/California Social Studies (United States History)


    Computer and Technology Component​: Students will utilize both the above online textbooks and Canvas. 

    A list of suggested supplies:

    • Planner (electronic version - Student Planner found in Canvas)
    • Earbuds
    • Loose leaf, college notebook paper
    • Pencils with erasers
    • Pens - red and black ink
    • Highlighters - multiple colors

    Grading Scale

    Social Science has weighted categories: Test 60%, Quizzes 30%, Assignments 10%, and a Four-point grading scale is used based on four-point grading rubrics.


    Below is the breakdown of percentages, 4 point scale, and letter grades:

    100% (4.0) A+                   96% - 92% (3.9-3.6) A      90% (3.5) A-

    89% - 88% (3.4-3.3) B+     87% - 82% (3.2-2.7) B      81% - 80% (2.6-2.5) B-

    79% - 78% (2.4-2.3) C+     77% - 72% (2.2-1.7) C      71% - 70% (1.6-1.5) C-

    69% - 68% (1.4-1.3) D+     67% - 62% (1.2-.70) D      61% - 60% (.60-.50) D-

    50% - 0 (.40-0) F

    Grading Rubrics - see syllabus


    • Only the above items are graded and are completed in class.
    • Tests and projects are worth more points than quizzes.
    • There are no retakes for tests, quizzes, or projects.
    • Most tests and quizzes will be in the essay format.
    • Students will receive essay questions the day before a test or quiz, often times earlier. Also, the questions will be posted Canvas the day before the test or quiz, often times earlier.

    Daily History Questions (DHQ’s)

    Most days start with a DHQ, which is usually a question or an explanation of information from the previous day's notes. Students are allowed to use their notes to answer the question or explanation. Once the students are given time to write an answer, we then share out as a class. We will then have academic discussions to check for understanding. Also, we discuss what the ideas and explanations should be for the DHQ. At this point, I will review the ideas and explanations and the students are allowed to add to their DHQ anything they may have missed. Essay tests and quizzes come from the DHQ’s.

    A Typical Day

    • DHQ
      • Students write an answer to the DHQ.
      • Classroom discussion.
      • Students allowed to note corrections/additions to answers.
    • Most days students will:
      • Read the text.
      • Record ideas in notes (practicing ideas and abbreviating)
      • This is subject to expand as we get more comfortable with online learning.
    • If students do not finish assigned notes in class it is to be completed at home.

    *Notes and DHQ’s are not graded, only tests, quizzes, and projects are graded. 

    It will be important for students to be able to explain in their own words the “why” of the topics discussed in class and back them up with textual evidence. Also, it will be important for students to find a method of studying that works for them.